Publications, theses, and reports produced by the BEACONs Project and other related documents of interest.


Email beacons[at] for PDFs of publications.

Edwards, M., K. Lisgo, S. Leroux, M. Krawchuk, S. Cumming, and F. Schmiegelow. 2022. Conservation planning integrating natural disturbances: Estimating minimum reserve sizes for an insect disturbance in the boreal forest of eastern Canada. Plos One 

Vernier, P.R., S.J. Leroux, S.G. Cumming, K. Lisgo, A. Suarez Esteban, M. Krawchuk, and F. Schmiegelow. 2022. Comparing Global and Regional Maps of Intactness in the Boreal Region of North America: Implications for Conservation Planning in One of the World’s Remaining Wilderness Areas. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 

Schmiegelow, F.K.A., S.G. Cumming, K.A. Lisgo, S.J. Leroux, and M.A. Krawchuk. 2014. Catalyzing Large Landscape Conservation in Canada’s Boreal Systems: The BEACONs Project Experience. Chapter 5 in J.A. Levitt (editor), Conservation Catalysts: The Academy as Nature’s Agent. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Leroux, S.J. and B. Rayfield. 2014. Methods and tools for addressing natural disturbance dynamics in conservation planning for wilderness areas. Diversity and Distributions 20:258–271. Abstract

Krawchuk, M, K. Lisgo, S. Leroux, S. Vernier, S.Cumming, and F. Schmiegelow. 2012. Boreal Forest, Canada. Chapter 6 in Hilty, J., C.C. Chester, and M.S. Cross (eds), Climate and Conservation: Landscape and Seascape Science, Planning, and Action. Island Press, Washington. DC.

Leroux, S.J., M.A. Krawchuk, F. Schmiegelow, S.G. Cumming, K. Lisgo, L.G. Anderson, and M. Petkova. 2010. Global protected areas and IUCN designations: Do the categories match the conditions? Biological Conservation 143(3):609-616. Abstract

Leroux, S.J. and F.K.A. Schmiegelow. 2007. Biodiversity concordance and the importance of Endemism. Conservation Biology 21(1):266-268.

Leroux, S.J., F.K.A. Schmiegelow, and J.A. Nagy. 2007. Potential spatial overlap of heritage sites and protected areas in a boreal region of northern Canada. Conservation Biology 21(2):376-386. Abstract

Leroux, S.J., F.K.A. Schmiegelow, S.G. Cumming, R.B. Lessard, and J. Nagy. 2007. Accounting for system dynamics in reserve design. Ecological Applications, 17:1954-1966. Abstract

Leroux, S.J., F.K.A. Schmiegelow, R.B. Lessard, and S.G. Cumming. 2007. Minimum dynamic reserves: A framework for determining reserve size in ecosystems structured by large disturbances. Biological Conservation 138:464-473. Abstract

Schmiegelow, F. 2007. On benchmarking natural systems. Canadian Silviculture 5(1):3-7. PDF


Email info[at] for PDFs of theses.

Anderson, L.G.G. 2009. Quantitative methods for identifying ecological benchmarks in Canada’s Boreal forest. M.Sc. thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. 111pp.

Leroux. S. 2006. Incorporating natural disturbance and heritage sites in protected areas design. M.Sc. thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. 102pp.

Reports and Discussion Papers

BEACONs. 2017. Ecological Benchmarks to Support Landscape Conservation Design in the Northwest Boreal LCC Planning Region. BEACONs Project, University of Alberta and Yukon College, Whitehorse YT. [Appendices are available on the project website:]

The Far North Science Advisory Panel. 2010. Science for a Changing Far North. The Report of the Far North Science Advisory Panel. A report submitted to the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. (Chapter 4 speaks to the Conservation Matrix Model)

Cumming, S.G., F. Schmiegelow, E. Bayne, and S. Song. 2010. Canada’s forest resource inventories: compiling a tool for boreal ecosystems analysis and modelling – a background document. Université Laval, University of Alberta, and Environment Canada. 7pp.

Schmiegelow, F., Lisgo, K., Anderson, L., Cumming, S., Krawchuk, M., Leroux, S., Saucier, F. and P. Vernier. 2010. Canadian BEACONs Project 2009-10 Report. BEACONs Project, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. 95 pp.

Cosco, J.A. 2011. Common Attribute Schema (CAS) for Forest Inventories Across Canada. Prepared by J.A. Cosco, Chief Inventory Forester, Timberline Natural Resource Group for Boreal Avian Modelling Project and Canadian BEACONs Project.

Evaluation of Saskatchewan Designated Protected Lands as Ecological Benchmarks for Forest Management, March 2008

National Forestry Congress Presentation, September 2007- This presentation is an overview of the context and work of BEACONs to develop a scientific framework for conservation planning in the boreal region of Canada.

Discussion Paper – Evaluating the effectiveness of representation as a criterion for selecting conservation areas

Other documents of interest:

Scientific Review for the Identification of Critical Habitat for Woodland Caribou, Boreal Population (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Canada

Anielski, M., and Wilson, S. 2005. Counting Canada’s Natural Capital: Assessing the real value of Canada’s boreal ecosystems.

NRCAN Boreal Forest

NTREE. 2005. Boreal Report (ENG)

Blancher, Peter. 2003. Importance of Canada’s Boreal Forest to Landbirds.

Canadian Senate Report on Canada’s Boreal 1999